What is meant by active surveillance?
Listen to pronunciation. (AK-tiv ser-VAY-lents) A treatment plan that involves closely watching a patient’s condition but not giving any treatment unless there are changes in test results that show the condition is getting worse.
How long can you be on active surveillance?
Research shows active surveillance is a safe way for men with low risk prostate cancer to avoid or delay unnecessary treatment. And you have the same chances of living for 10 years or more as you would if you chose to have treatment with surgery or radiotherapy.
Is active surveillance considered treatment?
Active surveillance is a form of treatment. It’s not the same as receiving no treatment at all. With this method, we put off treatments, such as surgery and radiation therapy, because tests indicate that the tumor is currently not life threatening or is at a low risk of spreading or getting worse.
Who qualifies for active surveillance?
Some of the characteristics that might qualify you for Active Surveillance include grade group 1 or Gleason 6, a PSA level <10, cancer that is confined to the prostate, and/or cancer that is very low volume when biopsied. The ideal candidate for Active Surveillance has low-risk prostate cancer.
What are the two types of surveillance?
There are two primary types of disease surveillance: passive and active.
What are the 5 steps of surveillance?
Steps in carrying out surveillance
- Reporting. Someone has to record the data. …
- Data accumulation. Someone has to be responsible for collecting the data from all the reporters and putting it all together. …
- Data analysis. …
- Judgment and action.
What is the most important use of active surveillance?
Active surveillance is often used to mean monitoring the cancer closely. Usually this includes a doctor visit with a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test about every 6 months and a digital rectal exam (DRE) at least once a year. Prostate biopsies and imaging tests may be done every 1 to 3 years as well.
What is the difference between active and passive surveillance?
Definitions and Basic Concepts
Active surveillance provides the most accurate and timely information, but it is also expensive. Passive surveillance: a system by which a health jurisdiction receives reports submitted from hospitals, clinics, public health units, or other sources.
What is an example of passive surveillance?
Examples of passive surveillance systems include the Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA’s) Adverse Events Reporting System (AERS), which is focused on patient safety, and the Vaccine Adverse Events Reporting System (VAERS), which is operated by the CDC in conjunction with the FDA and is concerned with the negative …
What does surveillance mean in medical terms?
(ser-VAY-lents) In medicine, closely watching a patient’s condition but not treating it unless there are changes in test results. Surveillance is also used to find early signs that a disease has come back.
Is active surveillance the same as watchful waiting?
Active surveillance may require you to have many biopsies to track cancer growth. Watchful waiting is a less aggressive system of monitoring prostate cancer without treating it. It does not involve regular biopsies or other frequent testing.
What is active surveillance in pharmacovigilance?
Active surveillance involves enhanced or targeted monitoring for certain events or drugs and seeks to ascertain completely the number of adverse drug reactions through a pre-planned process. Active surveillance is also commonly known as toxicity monitoring (such as the WHO ARV programme) or safety monitoring (12).