Where does melanoma usually metastasize to?
Metastatic melanoma most often spreads to the lymph nodes, brain, bones, liver or lungs, and the additional symptoms experienced at this late stage will depend on where the melanoma has spread. For example: Lungs – A persistent cough or shortness of breath.
Can melanoma spread to other parts of skin?
If untreated, melanomas can spread to other parts of the body and may not be curable. The biggest risk factor for developing a melanoma is overexposure to UV radiation from the sun or artificial sources such as solariums. The three major types of skin cancer are: squamous cell carcinoma.
Can melanoma spread anywhere on the body?
This can happen anywhere on the body, but the most commonly affected areas are the back in men and the legs in women. Melanomas are uncommon in areas that are protected from sun exposure, such as the buttocks and the scalp.
Where is the first place melanoma spreads to?
Normally, the first place a melanoma tumor metastasizes to is the lymph nodes, by literally draining melanoma cells into the lymphatic fluid, which carries the melanoma cells through the lymphatic channels to the nearest lymph node basin.
How can you tell if melanoma has metastasized?
Metastatic melanoma symptoms and signs may include:
- Swollen or painful lymph nodes.
- Weight loss.
- Loss of appetite.
- Trouble breathing or a cough that doesn’t go away.
- Bone pain.
What is the most aggressive form of melanoma?
Nodular melanoma – This is the most aggressive form of cutaneous melanoma. It typically appears as a dark bump – usually black, but lesions may also appear in other colors including colorless skin tones. This type of melanoma may develop where a mole did not previously exist.
How long does it take for melanoma to metastasize?
The median time to metastasis for the 148 patients with localized disease who developed metastases during follow-up was 28 months (Figure 2).
Can you have stage 4 melanoma and not know it?
When stage 4 melanoma is diagnosed after a scan, there may be no symptoms at all, and it can be difficult to believe the cancer has spread. However, people with stage 4 melanoma may have a very wide range of symptoms. People who have melanoma diagnosed in the brain are told not to drive.
Do you feel ill with melanoma?
hard or swollen lymph nodes. hard lump on your skin. unexplained pain. feeling very tired or unwell.
How long can you live with Stage 4 melanoma?
According to the American Cancer Society, the 5-year survival rate for stage 4 melanoma is 15–20 percent. This means that an estimated 15–20 percent of people with stage 4 melanoma will be alive 5 years after diagnosis.