Is renal cell carcinoma aggressive?

How fast does renal cell carcinoma spread?

The average tumor growth rate was 0.80 (range, 0.16-3.80) cm/year. Clear cell carcinoma (0.86 cm/year) tended to grow faster than papillary cell carcinoma (0.28 cm/year) (P = 0.066). The mean growth rate of grade 2 tumors (0.88 cm/year) was faster than that of grade 1 tumors (0.36 cm/year) (P = 0.041).

Where does kidney cancer usually spread to first?

Kidney cancer most often spreads to the lungs and bones, but it can also go to the brain, liver, ovaries, and testicles. Because it has no symptoms early on, it can spread before you even know you have it.

How long can you live with stage 4 renal cell carcinoma?

For stage 4 tumors, the overall 5-year survival rate is reduced to around 10%, but this depends very much on cancer grade. In cases of low-grade cancer and only local spread, the 5-year survival rate can be as high as 40%.

Does renal cell carcinoma spread to the liver?

RCC patients develop metastases at various sites, including the lungs, lymph nodes, bone, brain and liver and their prognosis depends on the metastatic site. The frequency of liver metastasis (LM) in RCC patients is lower compared to that of metastasis to other sites, such as the lungs, lymph nodes and bone.

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Can renal cell carcinoma be benign?

Renal oncocytoma – Oncocytoma is a benign, usually asymptomatic tumor that can grow quite large. They can develop throughout the body and are not unique to the kidneys. Their cause is also unknown, and they appear with greater frequency in men than in women.

Can renal cell carcinoma spread to the lungs?

Renal cell carcinomas (RCC) most frequently metastasize to the lungs. Renal cell carcinomas may present as pleural effusion in advanced disease stage. Pulmonary emboli are a manifestation of RCC and occur due to a hypercoagulable state. RCC is highly vascularized and may cause arteriovenous fistulas in metastatic foci.