Frequent question: Is thalassemia is a cancer?

Is beta thalassemia a cancer?

Conclusion: The coexistence of malignancy and beta thalassemia is not rare. Any alarming signs and symptoms including worsening anemia, splenomegaly, or lymphadenopathy should be a motive for concern because these symptoms may signal malignant disease.

Is thalassemia a serious disease?

When left untreated, this condition can lead to problems in the liver, heart, and spleen. Infections and heart failure are the most common life-threatening complications of thalassemia in children. Like adults, children with severe thalassemia need frequent blood transfusions to get rid of excess iron in the body.

Can thalassemia lead to leukemia?

The coexistence of thalassemia with cancers such as Hodgkin disease, lymphoma, seminoma, and leukemia has been reported [3,4,5,6,7]. This coexistence could be explained by either genetic or environmental interactions, or it might be thought of as just a coincidence.

Can thalassemia be cured?

Bone marrow and stem cell transplant from a compatible related donor is the only treatment that can cure thalassemia. It is the most effective treatment.

How long do thalassemia patients live?

“Most thalassaemia patients would live up to the age of 25 to 30 years. Improved facilities will help them live up to the age of 60,” said Dr Mamata Manglani, head of pediatrics, Sion hospital.

Is beta thalassemia a disability?

Only those with fairly low income and assets are eligible for SSI, even if they meet the medical eligibility criteria. With regard to medical eligibility, the SSA considers beta thalassemia an inherently disabling disease.

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Is beta thalassemia life threatening?

Severe anemia can cause serious, even life-threatening complications if left untreated. Affected individuals are treated by regular blood transfusions. Because of repeated blood transfusions individuals with beta thalassemia major and intermedia may develop excess levels of iron in the body (iron overload).

What are the symptoms of thalassemia trait?

Thalassemia signs and symptoms can include:

  • Fatigue.
  • Weakness.
  • Pale or yellowish skin.
  • Facial bone deformities.
  • Slow growth.
  • Abdominal swelling.
  • Dark urine.