How often do GIST tumors recur?
However, even after complete resection, recurrence is common, and more than 50% of patients at high risk [for] recurrence develop recurrent and/or metastatic disease within 5 years without adjuvant therapy.”
Can a GIST tumor come back?
Because of the risk that a GIST may come back after treatment, doctors often recommend follow-up visits every 3 to 6 months for at least several years after treatment, and then possibly less frequently afterward.
Can GIST be completely cured?
GIST has become a treatable disease, thanks to advances in research and treatment over the last 15 years.
How serious is a GIST?
Small GIST s may cause no symptoms, and they may grow so slowly that they have no serious effects. People with larger GIST s usually seek medical attention when they vomit blood or pass blood in their stool due to rapid bleeding from the tumor.
Are GIST tumors always malignant?
How is GIST Treated? GIST has become a treatable cancer. Surgery is the primary treatment of GIST if the disease has not spread and is resectable. In fact, in many cases once the original tumor is surgically removed, you may not need further treatment at all.
Should a GIST be removed?
If the tumor is small, it often can be removed along with a small area of normal tissue around it. This is done through a cut (incision) in the skin. Unlike many other cancers, GISTs almost never spread to the lymph nodes, so removing nearby lymph nodes is usually not needed.
How long is recovery after tumor removal?
You will probably feel very tired for several weeks after surgery. You may also have headaches or problems concentrating. It can take 4 to 8 weeks to recover from surgery. Your cuts (incisions) may be sore for about 5 days after surgery.
What can I expect after GIST surgery?
Recovery from surgery to remove GISTs generally takes three to six weeks. You should avoid lifting heavy objects for several months to ensure your incision heals. It can take up to a year for it to completely heal. Loss of appetite is common immediately after surgery, and your appetite should return within a few weeks.
Can a GIST burst?
Because GISTs are often fragile, they can sometimes rupture, which can lead to a hole (perforation) in the wall of the GI tract. This can also result in severe abdominal pain.
Can you survive stage 4 GIST?
Overall survival rates for patients with GISTs were 88% at 1 year, 77% at 2 years, 67% at 3 years, and 51% at 5 years. Based on multivariable Cox proportional hazard models, investigators found that primary treatment for GISTs independently affected overall survival.