You asked: Which of the cells are most likely to be involved in chemotherapy side effects and why?

Which cells are most affected by chemotherapy?

The “normal” cells most commonly affected by chemotherapy are the blood cells, the cells in the mouth, stomach and bowel, and the hair follicles; resulting in low blood counts, mouth sores, nausea, diarrhea, and/or hair loss. Different drugs may affect different parts of the body.

Why these side effects are most commonly associated with chemotherapy?

Why does chemo cause side effects? Cancer cells tend to grow fast, and chemo drugs kill fast-growing cells. But because these drugs travel throughout the body, they can affect normal, healthy cells that are fast-growing, too. Damage to healthy cells causes side effects.

What cells are affected during cancer?

Leukemia. Cancers that begin in the blood-forming tissue of the bone marrow are called leukemias. These cancers do not form solid tumors. Instead, large numbers of abnormal white blood cells (leukemia cells and leukemic blast cells) build up in the blood and bone marrow, crowding out normal blood cells.

What’s the worst chemotherapy drug?

Doxorubicin, an old chemotherapy drug that carries this unusual moniker because of its distinctive hue and fearsome toxicity, remains a key treatment for many cancer patients.

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What are the fastest growing cells in the body?

Hair follicles, skin, and the cells that line the gastrointestinal tract are some of the fastest growing cells in the human body, and therefore are most sensitive to the effects of chemotherapy.

What drugs are used in chemotherapy?

Many different kinds of chemotherapy or chemo drugs are used to treat cancer – either alone or in combination with other drugs or treatments.

Examples of alkylating agents include:

  • Altretamine.
  • Bendamustine.
  • Busulfan.
  • Carboplatin.
  • Carmustine.
  • Chlorambucil.
  • Cisplatin.
  • Cyclophosphamide.

How quickly do white blood cells regenerate after chemo?

The white cell count generally falls below the normal range about seven to ten days after a chemotherapy treatment and recovers within about a week after that.

How does chemotherapy affect the immune system?

Certain cancer treatments (such as chemotherapy, radiation therapy, surgery, stem cell or bone marrow transplant, or steroids) or the cancer itself can suppress or weaken the immune system. These treatments can lower the number of white blood cells (WBCs) and other immune system cells.

What is the fastest way to recover from chemotherapy?

Simple changes in diet and lifestyle can keep your body fortified while you battle the effects of chemotherapy and cancer.

“We’ll have time after chemo to get back to a better diet,” Szafranski says.

  1. Fortify with supplements. …
  2. Control nausea. …
  3. Fortify your blood. …
  4. Manage stress. …
  5. Improve your sleep.

How can I protect my kidneys during chemo?

Certain medicines, such as amifostine (Ethyol), may be given to protect the kidneys from damage when nephrotoxic chemotherapy is given. The dose of the drug may be lowered or the drug may be stopped completely if there is kidney damage.

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