Scientific bases for repeatedly failed therapeutic approaches. Molecular false flags and distorted foundations for chemo-immunotherapy
Why do some tumors not respond to chemo?
There are several possible reasons for chemotherapy resistance: Some of the cells that are not killed by the chemotherapy mutate (change) and become resistant to the drug. Once they multiply, there may be more resistant cells than cells that are sensitive to the chemotherapy. Gene amplification.
What happens to a tumor during chemotherapy?
The faster that cancer cells divide, the more likely it is that chemotherapy will kill the cells, causing the tumor to shrink. They also induce cell suicide (self-death or apoptosis). Chemotherapy drugs that kill cancer cells only when they are dividing are called cell-cycle specific.
Can tumor grow during chemotherapy?
So a cancer may seem to have gone and may not show up on any scans or blood tests. But there may be a small group of cells that remain in the body. They can start to grow again after a while or when the treatment stops.
How do cancer cells respond to chemotherapy?
Chemotherapy kills cells that are in the process of splitting into 2 new cells. Body tissues are made of billions of individual cells. Once we are fully grown, most of the body’s cells don’t divide and multiply much. They only divide if they need to repair damage.
How long does it take chemo to shrink a tumor?
In general, chemotherapy can take about 3 to 6 months to complete. It may take more or less time, depending on the type of chemo and the stage of your condition. It’s also broken down into cycles, which last 2 to 6 weeks each.
What are the signs that chemo is not working?
Here are some signs that chemotherapy may not be working as well as expected: tumors aren’t shrinking. new tumors keep forming. cancer is spreading to new areas.
Is 12 cycles of chemo a lot?
Use the drug until maximum benefit, then back off and do some sort of maintenance approach. And remember: There is nothing, nothing, nothing magic about 12 cycles.
How long does chemo last in your body?
The chemotherapy itself stays in the body within 2 -3 days of treatment but there are short-term and long-term side effects that patients may experience. Not all patients will experience all side effects but many will experience at least a few.
How quickly does chemo work?
Some people feel the effects of chemo right away, but for others, it takes a day or two. Not all chemo drugs have the same side effects.
How can I boost my immune system during chemo?
Here are eight simple steps for caring for your immune system during chemotherapy.
- Ask about protective drugs. …
- Get the flu shot every year. …
- Eat a nutritious diet. …
- Wash your hands regularly. …
- Limit contact with people who are sick. …
- Avoid touching animal waste. …
- Report signs of infection immediately. …
- Ask about specific activities.
Is chemotherapy really worth it?
Suffering through cancer chemotherapy is worth it — when it helps patients live longer. But many patients end up with no real benefit from enduring chemo after surgical removal of a tumor. Going in, it’s been hard to predict how much chemo will help prevent tumor recurrence or improve survival chances.