Which increases the risk for vulvar cancer?
Human papillomavirus (HPV).
Research indicates that infection with HPV is a risk factor for vulvar cancer. HPV may be the cause for about one-third to two-thirds of all vulvar cancers. Sexual activity with someone who has HPV is the most common way for someone to get HPV.
How can you reduce your risk of vulvar cancer?
Can Vulvar Cancer Be Prevented?
- Avoid HPV infection. Infection with human papillomavirus (HPV) is a risk factor for vulvar cancer. …
- Get vaccinated. Vaccines that protect against certain HPV infections are available. …
- Don’t smoke. Not smoking is another way to lower the risk for vulvar cancer. …
- Get regular pelvic checkups.
Can vulvar cancer be prevented?
There is no sure way to prevent vulvar cancer. Some risk factors for this cancer, such as your age and family history, are not within your control.
What are the warning signs of vulvar cancer?
Vulvar Cancer Symptoms
- Constant itching.
- Changes in the color and the way the vulva looks.
- Bleeding or discharge not related to menstruation.
- Severe burning, itching or pain.
- An open sore that lasts for more than a month.
- Skin of the vulva looks white and feels rough.
Does vulvar cancer spread fast?
Vulvar cancer begins on the surface of the vulva. Most of these cancers grow slowly, remaining on the surface for years. However, some (for example, melanomas) grow quickly.
What happens if you have vulvar cancer?
Some signs of vulvar cancer are skin changes in part of the vulva, a new bump, skin feeling thick or rough, itching, burning, an open sore, and new bleeding, spotting, or discharge from the vagina.
What does vulvar cancer smell like?
A persistent itch in the vulva, which may be followed by a burning sensation. A lump, nodule or wart-like growth on the vulva which you can feel by touching it. In the most advanced stages, foul-smelling vaginal discharge; blood-stained vaginal discharge between periods and abdominal pain.
How long can you live with vulvar cancer?
Survival rates can give you an idea of what percentage of people with the same type and stage of cancer are still alive a certain amount of time (usually 5 years) after they were diagnosed.
5-year relative survival rates for vulvar cancer.
|SEER Stage||5-Year Relative Survival Rate|
|All SEER stages combined||71%|
What age does vulvar cancer occur?
Age. The risk of vulvar cancer goes up as women age. Less than 20% of cases are in women younger than age 50, and more than half occur in women over age 70. The average age of women diagnosed with invasive vulvar cancer is 70, whereas women diagnosed with non-invasive vulvar cancer average about 20 years younger.
Does vulvar cancer show up on Pap smear?
The Pap test does not screen for vaginal or vulvar cancers. Since there is no simple and reliable way to screen for any gynecologic cancers except cervical cancer, it is especially important to recognize warning signs, and learn what you can do to reduce your risk.
How did your vulvar cancer start?
This disease begins in the cells of the Bartholin glands, which are located on each side of the opening of the vagina. What causes vulvar cancer? Although the exact cause of vulvar cancer is not known, some squamous cell carcinomas of the vulva have been associated with the human papilloma virus (HPV).
What does vulvar cancer lump feel like?
A bump or lump, which could be red, pink, or white and could have a wart-like or raw surface or feel rough or thick. Thickening of the skin of the vulva. Itching. Pain or burning.
What should I do if I think I have vulvar cancer?
Seeing a specialist. If your biopsy shows that you have vulvar cancer, your health care provider will refer you to a gynecologic oncologist, a specialist in female reproductive system cancers.