Which are examples of antimetabolites used in chemotherapy select all that apply?

Which are examples of antimetabolites used in chemotherapy?

Some antimetabolites that are commonly used to treat cancer include:

  • 6-mercaptopurine.
  • fludarabine.
  • 5-fluorouracil.
  • gemcitabine.
  • cytarabine.
  • pemetrexed.
  • methotrexate.

What is the drug used in chemotherapy?

Alkylating agents are most active in the resting phase of the cell. These types of drugs are cell-cycle non-specific. There are several types of alkylating agents used in chemotherapy treatments: Mustard gas derivatives: Mechlorethamine, Cyclophosphamide, Chlorambucil, Melphalan, and Ifosfamide.

Which are examples of plant alkaloids used in chemotherapy select all that apply?

Examples of plant alkaloids used in chemotherapy are actinomycin D, doxorubicin, and mitomycin.

Which is used in cancer chemotherapy?

Chemotherapy is the use of drugs to destroy cancer cells. It usually works by keeping the cancer cells from growing, dividing, and making more cells. Because cancer cells usually grow and divide faster than normal cells, chemotherapy has more of an effect on cancer cells.

What are the strongest chemotherapy drugs?

Doxorubicin (Adriamycin) is one of the most powerful chemotherapy drugs ever invented. It can kill cancer cells at every point in their life cycle, and it’s used to treat a wide variety of cancers.

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Which group is an antimetabolite?

Antimetabolites are small, weakly acidic molecules that are cell cycle non-specific, inhibiting cellular metabolism by acting as false substrates during RNA and DNA synthesis. Examples of these agents include methotrexate, 5-fluorouracil, aminopterin, cytarabine, thioguanine, and mercaptopurine.

What’s the worst chemotherapy drug?

Doxorubicin, an old chemotherapy drug that carries this unusual moniker because of its distinctive hue and fearsome toxicity, remains a key treatment for many cancer patients.

What are the five classes of chemotherapy drugs?

Cancer chemotherapy agents are classified according to their chemical nature and function. Some of the well known classes of cancer chemotherapy agents include alkylating agents, plant alkaloids, antimetabolites, anthracyclines, topoisomerase inhibitors and corticosteroids.

How many rounds of chemo is normal?

You may need four to eight cycles to treat your cancer. A series of cycles is called a course. Your course can take 3 to 6 months to complete. And you may need more than one course of chemo to beat the cancer.

What are the two types of chemotherapy drugs?

Types of chemotherapy drugs

  • Alkylating agents. This group of medicines works directly on DNA to keep the cell from reproducing itself. …
  • Nitrosoureas. …
  • Anti-metabolites. …
  • Plant alkaloids and natural products. …
  • Anti-tumor antibiotics. …
  • Hormonal agents. …
  • Biological response modifiers.

What are the three types of chemotherapy?

Chemotherapy Types and the Cancers They’re Used For

  • Overview of types.
  • Alkylating agents.
  • Plant alkaloids.
  • Anti-metabolites.
  • Anti-tumor antibiotics.
  • Miscellaneous chemotherapy drugs.
  • Other cancer treatments.

Is chemotherapy painful?

Does chemotherapy hurt? IV chemotherapy should not cause any pain while being administered. If you experience pain, contact the nurse taking care of you to check your IV line. An exception would be if there is a leak and the drug gets into surrounding tissues.

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