What are the 4 main types of thyroid cancer?
Types of thyroid cancer
- Papillary thyroid cancer. Papillary thyroid cancer develops from follicular cells and usually grow slowly. …
- Follicular thyroid cancer. …
- Hurthle cell cancer. …
- Medullary thyroid cancer (MTC). …
- Anaplastic thyroid cancer.
Which is worse papillary or follicular thyroid cancer?
Follicular cancer is also more likely than papillary cancer to spread to distant organs, particularly the lungs and bones. Medullary thyroid cancer. Medullary thyroid cancer (MTC), accounts for approximately 2% of all thyroid cancers.
What do you feel when you have thyroid cancer?
A lump in the neck, sometimes growing quickly. Swelling in the neck. Pain in the front of the neck, sometimes going up to the ears. Hoarseness or other voice changes that do not go away.
Where Does thyroid cancer spread first?
In 10 (38.5%) patients distant metastasis beyond the regional lymph nodes was the first sign of thyroid cancer. In (50%) patients metastasis was located in the bones, in 2 (20%) in the lung, in 1 (10%) in the heart, in 1 (10%) in the buttock, and in 1 (10%) in a central neck cyst.
What is the main cause of thyroid cancer?
Thyroid cancer is linked with a number of inherited conditions (described in Thyroid cancer risk factors), but the exact cause of most thyroid cancers is not yet known. Certain changes in a person’s DNA can cause thyroid cells to become cancerous.
What happens if thyroid cancer is left untreated?
If neglected, any thyroid cancer may result in symptoms because of compression and/or infiltration of the cancer mass into the surrounding tissues, and the cancer may metastasize to lung and bone.
How fast does thyroid cancer spread?
The 5-year survival was 77.6% in patients with single-organ metastasis and 15.3 % in patients with multi-organ metastases. The average interval between the first and second metastases was 14.7 months. Progression from single- to multi-organ metastases occurred in 76% of patients at 5 years.
Can someone have cancer for years without knowing?
If you’re wondering how long you can have cancer without knowing it, there’s no straight answer. Some cancers can be present for months or years before they’re detected. Some commonly undetected cancers are slow-growing conditions, which gives doctors a better chance at successful treatment.