What does it mean when cancer is localized?
In medicine, describes disease that is limited to a certain part of the body. For example, localized cancer is usually found only in the tissue or organ where it began, and has not spread to nearby lymph nodes or to other parts of the body. Some localized cancers can be completely removed by surgery.
Is chemotherapy localized treatment?
Chemo is considered a systemic treatment because the drugs travels throughout the body, and can kill cancer cells that have spread (metastasized) to parts of the body far away from the original (primary) tumor. This makes it different from treatments like surgery and radiation.
What is localized cancer treatment?
Treatment that is directed to a specific organ or limited area of the body, such as the breast or an abnormal growth on the skin. Examples of local therapy used in cancer are surgery, radiation therapy, cryotherapy, laser therapy, and topical therapy (medicine in a lotion or cream that is applied to the skin).
What is a localized treatment?
Local treatment: Treatment that affects the tumor and the area close to it.
Does stage one cancer need chemo?
Chemotherapy is usually not part of the treatment regimen for earlier stages of cancer. Stage 1 is highly treatable, however, it does require treatment, typically surgery and often radiation, or a combination of the two.
Is localized cancer curable?
In situ means “in place.” Stage 0 cancers are still located in the place they started. They have not spread to nearby tissues. This stage of cancer is often curable. Surgery can usually remove the entire tumor.
Is 12 cycles of chemo a lot?
Use the drug until maximum benefit, then back off and do some sort of maintenance approach. And remember: There is nothing, nothing, nothing magic about 12 cycles.
How many rounds of chemo is normal?
You may need four to eight cycles to treat your cancer. A series of cycles is called a course. Your course can take 3 to 6 months to complete. And you may need more than one course of chemo to beat the cancer.
Do you always lose your hair with chemo?
Your hair loss will continue throughout your treatment and up to a few weeks afterward. Whether your hair thins or you become completely bald will depend on your treatment. People with cancer report hair loss as a distressing side effect of treatment.
Are malignant tumors localized?
Some malignant tumors remain localized and encapsulated, at least for a time; an example is carcinoma in situ in the ovary or breast.
Is benign neoplasm cancerous?
Neoplasms may be benign (not cancer) or malignant (cancer). Benign neoplasms may grow large but do not spread into, or invade, nearby tissues or other parts of the body. Malignant neoplasms can spread into, or invade, nearby tissues. They can also spread to other parts of the body through the blood and lymph systems.
What does it mean if cancer has spread?
In metastasis, cancer cells break away from where they first formed (primary cancer), travel through the blood or lymph system, and form new tumors (metastatic tumors) in other parts of the body. The metastatic tumor is the same type of cancer as the primary tumor.