What causes cancer of the colon?

How can you prevent cancer of the colon?

Six Ways to Lower Your Risk for Colorectal Cancer

  1. Get screened for colorectal cancer. Screenings are tests that look for cancer before signs and symptoms develop. …
  2. Eat lots of vegetables, fruits, and whole grains. …
  3. Get regular exercise. …
  4. Take control of your weight. …
  5. Don’t smoke. …
  6. Avoid alcohol.

What was your first colon cancer symptom?

Diarrhea, constipation, or feeling that the bowel does not empty completely. General abdominal discomfort, such as frequent gas pains, bloating, fullness and/or cramps. Constant feeling of fatigue or tiredness. New onset anemia diagnosed on routine lab work.

What is the average life expectancy with colon cancer?

For colon cancer, the overall 5-year survival rate for people is 63%. If the cancer is diagnosed at a localized stage, the survival rate is 91%. If the cancer has spread to surrounding tissues or organs and/or the regional lymph nodes, the 5-year survival rate is 72%.

How long does a person live after being diagnosed with colon cancer?

Survival rates can give you an idea of what percentage of people with the same type and stage of cancer are still alive a certain amount of time (usually 5 years) after they were diagnosed.

5-year relative survival rates for colon cancer.

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SEER stage 5-year relative survival rate
All SEER stages combined 63%

What does poop look like with colon cancer?

Usually, the stools (poop) of the patients with colon cancer may have the following characteristics: Black poop is a red flag for cancer of the bowel. Blood from in the bowel becomes dark red or black and can make poop stools look like tar. Such poop needs to be investigated further.

Which is the most common presenting symptom of colon cancer?

In patients younger than 50 years old—an age group that is experiencing rising rates of colorectal cancer (see Overview/Epidemiology)—a study that used data from England’s Clinical Practice Research Datalink found that abdominal pain was the most common presenting symptom of colorectal cancer.

Where is the most common site of colon cancer?

The sigmoid colon is the most common site for cancer of the colon. Rectal carcinoma is the most common cancer of the lower gastrointestinal tract. One of the determining factors for preservation of the anus is how close the tumor is to the sphincter.