Purpose: Social determinants of health that have been examined in relation to breast cancer incidence, stage at diagnosis, and survival include socioeconomic status (income, education), neighborhood disadvantage, unemployment, racial discrimination, social support, and social network.
How does cancer impact society?
Cancer and its treatment result in the loss of economic resources and opportunities for patients, families, employers, and society overall. These losses include financial loss, morbidity, reduced quality of life, and premature death.
What are the 7 warning signs of cancer?
Signs of Cancer
- Change in bowel or bladder habits.
- A sore that does not heal.
- Unusual bleeding or discharge.
- Thickening or lump in the breast or elsewhere.
- Indigestion or difficulty in swallowing.
- Obvious change in a wart or mole.
- Nagging cough or hoarseness.
What are the 5 major risk factors for cancer?
Cancer risk factor facts*
The most common risk factors for cancer include aging, tobacco, sun exposure, radiation exposure, chemicals, and other substances, some viruses and bacteria, certain hormones, family history of cancer, alcohol, poor diet, lack of physical activity, or being overweight.
How does the environment affect breast cancer?
Recent studies suggest that environmental exposures, such as certain chemicals, diet, and social factors, during these critical stages of development, may increase risk of breast cancer later in life.
What are the key determinants of health?
The main determinants of health include:
- Income and social status.
- Employment and working conditions.
- Education and literacy.
- Childhood experiences.
- Physical environments.
- Social supports and coping skills.
- Healthy behaviours.
- Access to health services.
The Other factors affecting breast health behaviors included social interaction, social support, and stress such as occupational stress, unrealistic optimism, cultural attitudes and beliefs, fear of discovering a disease, fear of losing femininity and its consequences, and fatalism.