Is obesity a risk factor for cervical cancer?

How does obesity cause cervical cancer?

Excessive fat has been shown to increase levels of estrogen, leading to development of endometrial and cervical cancer — specifically, a subtype of cancer called adenocarcinoma, writes lead researcher James V.

What is the leading risk factor of cervical cancer?

Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection

Infection by the human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most important risk factor for cervical cancer. HPV is a group of more than 150 related viruses. Some of them cause a type of growth called papillomas, which are more commonly known as warts.

Does being overweight affect your cervix?

In multivariable analyses, after adjusting for maternal age, number of prior SPTBs, and tobacco use, overweight and obese women were less than half as likely to have a shortened cervix <3.0 cm compared to normal-weight women (adjusted odd ratio, aOR: 0.46, 95% CI: 0.24–0.89).

Can obesity cause abnormal Pap smear?

This study showed that the prevalence of cervical epithelial cell abnormalities among the study participants was 16.5%. It also showed that there was an association between obesity and cervical epithelial cell abnormalities.

Which cancer is specifically linked to a high BMI?

A higher BMI is associated with increased risks of colon and rectal cancers in both men and in women, but the increases are higher in men than in women (18).

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What happens to your body when you have cervical cancer?

What Is Cervical Cancer? Cervical cancer happens when cells change in women’s cervix, which connects thier uterus with vagina. This cancer can affect the deeper tissues of their cervix and may spread to other parts of their body (metastasize), often the lungs, liver, bladder, vagina, and rectum.