What is the best description of mucositis a common side effect of chemotherapy?
Mucositis is when your mouth or gut is sore and inflamed. It’s a common side effect of chemotherapy and radiotherapy for cancer. Although mucositis is usually painful, it can be treated. It should get better within a few weeks of finishing cancer treatment.
Which chemotherapy drugs cause mucositis?
The chemotherapy drugs that have been reported to cause mucositis in 30% or more of patients are:
- Actinomycin (Cosmegen)
- Busulfan (Myleran®, Busulfex®)
- Cytarabine (Cytosar-U®)
- Daunorubicin (Cerubidine®)
- Docetaxel (Taxotere®)
- Doxorubicin (Adriamycin®, Rubex®)
- Epirubicin (Ellence®)
- Floxuridine (FUDR®)
What percentage of chemo patients get mucositis?
Oral mucositis affects on average 20 to 40 percent of patients receiving conventional-dose cytotoxic chemotherapy [2-4].
How long does mucositis last after chemo?
With chemotherapy, mucositis heals by itself when there is no infection. Healing usually takes 2 to 4 weeks. Mucositis caused by radiation therapy usually lasts 6 to 8 weeks, depending on how long you have radiation treatment.
How is chemo mucositis treated?
Cryotherapy with ice chips has been shown to effectively attenuate the onset and severity of mucositis in patients undergoing bolus chemotherapy with 5-fluorouracil and melphalan. Patients should suck on ice chips for 30 minutes prior to and during the chemotherapy infusion.
How can I prevent mouth ulcers during chemotherapy?
- Avoid painful foods. Stay away from acidic foods and spicy foods that could further irritate your mouth. …
- Eat small meals more frequently. Cut your food into small pieces and eat slowly.
- Use a straw. A straw for drinking may help keep liquids away from sore areas in your mouth.
- Continue cleaning your mouth.
What are the signs of mucositis?
What are the signs and symptoms of mucositis?
- Red, shiny, or swollen mouth and gums.
- Blood in the mouth.
- Sores in the mouth, including on the gums or tongue.
- Soreness or pain in the mouth or throat.
- Trouble with swallowing or talking.
- Feeling of dryness, mild burning, or pain when eating food.
What can I eat with mucositis?
What you can do: Improving your eating when you have mucositis
- Try freezing fruits and suck on frozen fruit pops, fruit ice or ice chips.
- Eat soft, creamy foods.
- Blend and moisten foods that are dry or solid. …
- Puree or liquefy foods in a blender to make them easier to swallow.
What do mouth sores from chemo look like?
Whitish, ulcer-like sores can form on your cheeks, gums, lips, tongue, or on the roof or floor of your mouth. Even if you don’t develop mouth ulcers, you may have patches that feel inflamed and painful, as if they’ve been burned.
How can chemo prevent mucositis?
Allopurinol mouthwashes 4 to 6 times per day have been evaluated as prophylaxis against mucositis resulting specifically from the action of 5- fluorouracil chemotherapy. Results of the meta-analysis support the use of allopurinol mouthwash to prevent mucositis.
How many stages of mucositis are there?
On a molecular pathology level mucositis is characterized as having five phases: initiation, upregulation with messenger generation, signaling and amplification, ulceration and inflammation and finally healing3.
–Cryotherapy, which involves sucking on ice chips during chemotherapy administration, has shown some effect in preventing mucositis caused by 5-FU (fluorouracil) chemo treatments. Oral cancer patients receiving radiation therapy should examine their mouths at least once a day for redness, sores, or signs of infection.