Is actinic cheilitis cancerous?
Actinic cheilitis is a type of precancerous skin change that happens on the lips. It is usually related to damage from sun exposure or tanning beds. This condition can develop into a kind of skin cancer called squamous cell carcinoma if you do not have it treated.
What percentage of actinic cheilitis become cancerous?
Only about 10 percent of actinic keratoses will eventually become cancerous, but the majority of SCCs do begin as AKs. Unfortunately, there’s no way to tell which AKs will become dangerous, so monitoring and treating any that crop up is the only way to be sure.
Is actinic keratosis a premalignant lesion?
The actinic keratotic lesion appearing on the sun-exposed skin of the middle-aged and elderly is a common premalignant lesion that infrequently becomes squamous cell carcinoma. Generally, superficially destructive measures provide adequate therapy for this epidermal dysplastic growth.
Is actinic keratosis benign or malignant?
Unlike most skin conditions caused by the sun, actinic keratosis (AK), which is sometimes called solar keratosis, is usually benign. At least 90 percent of these small, scaly skin spots will not turn into cancer, says dermatologist Sean R.
What does actinic cheilitis look like?
The first symptom of AC is usually dry, cracking lips. You might then develop either a red and swollen or white patch on your lip. This will almost always be on the lower lip. In more advanced AC, the patches might look scaly and feel like sandpaper.
What is the difference between actinic cheilitis and actinic keratosis?
Actinic cheilitis is the lip form of actinic keratosis due to chronic sun exposure. It is also called actinic cheilosis, solar cheilitis, and sometimes, actinic cheilitis with histological atypia.
Should I worry about actinic keratosis?
Some actinic keratoses can turn into squamous cell skin cancer. Because of this, the lesions are often called precancer. They are not life-threatening. But if they are found and treated early, they do not have the chance to develop into skin cancer.
When should I worry about actinic keratosis?
You are less likely to develop skin cancer if actinic keratosis gets treated right away. You should call your healthcare provider if you notice: Bleeding, blistering, stinging or itchy skin. Hornlike growths.
Is cheilitis serious?
The condition itself is not considered a serious health concern, but it increases the risk of skin cancer. Most people with actinic cheilitis develop similar symptoms. About 90 percent of cases involve the lower lip, although the condition can also develop on the upper lip.
Can you scratch off actinic keratosis?
On occasion, an actinic keratosis will disappear on its own, but it will return when the skin is exposed to the sun again. If you scratch a lesion off, it will grow back. If treated early enough, an actinic keratosis can be removed before it becomes cancerous.
How can you tell the difference between squamous cell carcinoma and actinic keratosis?
The main difference between SCC in situ and AK is that in SCC in situ, the full thickness of the epidermis is involved with atypical proliferation of keratinocytes; whereas, in AK, the atypia is limited to lower levels of the epidermis and not its full thickness.
What is the best way to treat actinic keratosis at home?
At-home treatment for actinic keratosis
- 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) cream: You apply this once or twice a day for 2 to 4 weeks. …
- Diclofenac sodium gel: This medication tends to cause less of a skin reaction than 5-FU, but it can still be very effective.