How do you know if you have a germ cell tumor?
Common signs of germ cell tumors include: A mass on your ovaries or testicles. Belly pain and swelling (caused by tumor)
What percentage of germ cell tumors are cancerous?
Germ cell tumors are rare. Germ cell tumors account for about 2 to 4 percent of all cancers in children and adolescents younger than age 20.
Is germ cell tumor curable?
Treatment for malignant tumors includes surgery or chemotherapy. The outlook depends on the stage of the cancer, the tumor’s size and whether it has spread to other parts of your body. Most germ cell tumors are treatable.
How rare is a germ cell tumor?
Extracranial, extragonadal germ cell tumors are rare. Germ cell tumors, including those that occur in the reproductive organs, account for about 3% of all tumors in children younger than 15 and about 10% in teens ages 15 to 19.
Do germ cell tumors grow fast?
This is a germ cell tumor that is most often malignant, but may also be benign. This tumor most often affects the ovaries or testes, and the lower spine. They are often malignant and grow fast.
How do you treat germ cell tumors?
Treatment of other ovarian germ cell tumors may include the following:
- Surgery with or without chemotherapy.
- A clinical trial of high-dose chemotherapy followed by bone marrow transplant.
- A clinical trial of a new treatment.
Is germ cell tumor malignant?
Germ cell tumors are growths that form from reproductive cells. Tumors may be cancerous or noncancerous. Most germ cell tumors that are cancerous occur as cancer of the testicles (testicular cancer) or cancer of the ovaries (ovarian cancer).
What are the two types of germ cell tumors?
There are two types of germ cell tumors that start in the gonads, or reproductive organs: seminomas, which are slower-growing, and nonseminomas, which are faster-growing tumors. These germ cell tumors typically form during puberty.
Do germ cell tumors run in families?
Familial testicular germ cell tumors are well known in literature. Only few cases are reported where both brother and sister of the same family suffered from germ cell malignancies.
What are the causes of germ cell tumor?
The cause of most germ cell tumors isn’t always known. Doctors do know that some medical conditions can make children more likely to develop them. These include: birth defects that involve the central nervous system, genitals, urinary tract, and spine.
Can adults have germ cell tumors?
In adults, extragonadal germ cell tumors account for 15% of primary ante- rior mediastinal tumors . More than half of mediastinal germ cell tumors are mature teratomas. Among malignant mediastinal germ cell tumors, 40% are seminomas and 60% are nonseminomatous tumors.