Where does foot melanoma spread?
Melanomas may occur on the skin of the feet and on occasion beneath a toenail. They are found both on the soles and on the top of the feet. As a melanoma grows and extends deeper into the skin, it becomes more serious and may spread through the body through the lymphatics and blood vessels.
How long does it take for melanoma to spread?
Melanoma can grow very quickly. It can become life-threatening in as little as six weeks and, if untreated, it can spread to other parts of the body.
What does foot melanoma look like?
Aside from looking like a changing mole, a melanoma on the foot can appear as a: Brown or black vertical line under a toenail. Pinkish-red spot or growth. New spot or growth where you injured your foot.
What are the symptoms of melanoma that has spread?
If your melanoma has spread to other areas, you may have:
- Hardened lumps under your skin.
- Swollen or painful lymph nodes.
- Trouble breathing, or a cough that doesn’t go away.
- Swelling of your liver (under your lower right ribs) or loss of appetite.
- Bone pain or, less often, broken bones.
Can you have melanoma for years and not know?
How long can you have melanoma and not know it? It depends on the type of melanoma. For example, nodular melanoma grows rapidly over a matter of weeks, while a radial melanoma can slowly spread over the span of a decade. Like a cavity, a melanoma may grow for years before producing any significant symptoms.
How is foot melanoma treated?
How Is It Usually Treated? When identified early, surgery is often the most effective treatment for melanoma. If the cancer has spread to other parts of the foot or into the lower legs, treatments that include radiation therapy, immunotherapy, and chemotherapy may be recommended.
Can you live a long life with melanoma?
Survival for all stages of melanoma
almost all people (almost 100%) will survive their melanoma for 1 year or more after they are diagnosed. around 90 out of every 100 people (around 90%) will survive their melanoma for 5 years or more after diagnosis.
Can you have stage 4 melanoma and not know it?
When stage 4 melanoma is diagnosed after a scan, there may be no symptoms at all, and it can be difficult to believe the cancer has spread. However, people with stage 4 melanoma may have a very wide range of symptoms. People who have melanoma diagnosed in the brain are told not to drive.
How long does it take for melanoma to become Stage 4?
Once a tumor has spread to distant body sites such as organs, it is considered a stage IV melanoma, with an estimated five-year survival rate of only 18 percent in the U.S. These survival figures are improving every year because of new treatments (some therapies are keeping as much as 40 percent of stage IV patients …
Is foot melanoma curable?
Foot melanoma is often treatable in the early stages. However, people will usually receive a diagnosis during the later stages, as the symptoms may not be easily noticeable. If foot melanoma spreads, or metastasizes, it can be life threatening.
What does a tumor in your foot feel like?
If you have a mass in your foot or ankle, you might experience the following signs and symptoms: A lump of any size. A painful lump. Pain, tingling, or numbness in your foot or ankle.
How do you know if melanoma has spread?
Some — but not all — patients need testing. Testing can help your dermatologist discover whether the melanoma has spread beyond the skin. Medical tests that you may need include blood work and imaging tests like an MRI scan, CAT scan, or x-ray.