Can chemotherapy cause pericarditis?

What kind of cancer causes pericarditis?

Malignant pericardial effusions are most often caused by lung cancer, breast cancer, melanoma, lymphoma, and leukemia.

What is the most common cause of pericarditis?

The cause of pericarditis is often unknown, though viral infections are a common reason. Pericarditis may occur after a respiratory or digestive system infection. Chronic and recurring pericarditis may be caused by autoimmune disorders such as lupus, scleroderma and rheumatoid arthritis.

Can chemotherapy cause fluid around the heart?

Cancer or cancer treatment

Lung cancer, breast cancer, melanoma, and lymphoma can cause fluid to build up around your heart. In some cases, the chemotherapy drugs doxorubicin (Adriamycin) and cyclophosphamide (Cytoxan) can cause a pericardial effusion. This complication is rare .

How long can someone live with pericardial effusion?

Survival rates are consistently poor in patients with malignancy who present with a pericardial effusion. In our series, patients had a median survival of 2.6 months. Patients with lung cancer had a median survival of 2.1 months while those with other types of cancer of 4.7 months.

Is heart damage from chemotherapy reversible?

Chemotherapy-related cardiotoxicity versus cardiac hypersensitivity. Cardiotoxicity can be defined as a direct effect of chemotherapy resulting in cardiac dysfunction which may lead to reversible/irreversible heart failure.

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Does chemotherapy shorten your life?

During the 3 decades, the proportion of survivors treated with chemotherapy alone increased (from 18% in 1970-1979 to 54% in 1990-1999), and the life expectancy gap in this chemotherapy-alone group decreased from 11.0 years (95% UI, 9.0-13.1 years) to 6.0 years (95% UI, 4.5-7.6 years).

Can chemo cause rapid heartbeat?

Several drugs used to treat some of the most common forms of cancer, like breast cancer, leukemia and lymphoma, can affect how the heart functions. In some cases, this can lead to heart failure, elevated blood pressure, rapid heartbeat and heart attack.

How do you fix pericarditis?

With constrictive pericarditis, the only cure is surgery known as a pericardiectomy to remove the pericardium. This is only done when symptoms become severe.

What viruses can cause pericarditis?

Causative viruses include coxsackievirus B, echovirus, adenoviruses, influenza A and B viruses, enterovirus, mumps virus, Epstein-Barr virus, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), herpes simplex virus (HSV) type 1, varicella-zoster virus (VZV), measles virus, parainfluenza virus (PIV) type 2, and respiratory syncytial …

What does pericarditis pain feel like?

A common symptom of acute pericarditis is a sharp, stabbing chest pain, usually coming on quickly. It’s often is in the middle or left side of the chest, and there may be pain in one or both shoulders. Sitting up and leaning forward tends to ease the pain, while lying down and breathing deep worsens it.

What can make pericarditis worse?

It often gets worse when you cough, lie down or take a deep breath. Sitting up and leaning forward makes you feel better.

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Can pericarditis be caused by stress?

Stress cardiomyopathy (CMP) has been described as a complication of post-myocardial infarction pericarditis (Dressler syndrome). Stress CMP can also be complicated by pericarditis. We describe the novel observation where idiopathic pericarditis is the primary disease, which precipitated stress CMP.

What is the treatment for pericardial effusion?

A severe pericardial effusion may need to be drained. The fluid is drained with a procedure called pericardiocentesis. This procedure uses a needle and a thin, flexible tube (catheter) to drain the fluid. In some cases, the pericardial sac may be drained during surgery.