Best answer: Why is cervical cancer so high in Africa?

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Which continent has the highest rate of cervical cancer?

Overview. Cervical cancer, which is caused by certain strains of the human papillomavirus (HPV), presents a significant public health threat to women on the African continent – all but one of the top 20 countries worldwide with the highest burden of cervical cancer in 2018 were in Africa.

Which country has the lowest cervical cancer?

Virtually all cervical cancers are associated with human papilloma viruses (HPV). However, the majority of women with HPV do not develop cervical cancer.

Cervical cancer rates.

Rank Country Age-standardised rate per 100,000
1 Swaziland 75.3
2 Malawi 72.9
3 Zambia 66.4
4 Zimbabwe 62.3

What is the last stage of cervical cancer?

Following a staging evaluation of cervical cancer, a stage IV cancer is said to exist if the cancer has extended beyond the cervix into adjacent organs, such as the rectum or bladder (stage IVA), or the cancer has spread to distant locations in the body which may include the bones, lungs or liver (stage IVB).

How many cases of cervical cancer are diagnosed each year?

The American Cancer Society’s estimates for cervical cancer in the United States for 2021 are: About 14,480 new cases of invasive cervical cancer will be diagnosed. About 4,290 women will die from cervical cancer.

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How do you screen for cervical cancer?

Cervical cancer screening is usually part of a woman’s health checkup. There are two types of tests: the Pap test and the HPV test. For both, the doctor or nurse collects cells from the surface of the cervix. With the Pap test, the lab checks the sample for cancer cells or abnormal cells that could become cancer later.

What is the death rate of cervical cancer?

The 5-year survival rate for all people with cervical cancer is 66%. However, survival rates can vary by factors such as race, ethnicity, and age. For white women, the 5-year survival rate is 71%. For Black women, the 5-year survival rate is 58%.

Who is most at risk of developing cervical cancer?

Cervical cancer is more common among groups of women who are less likely to have access to screening for cervical cancer. Those populations are more likely to include Black women, Hispanic women, American Indian women, and women from low-income households. Oral contraceptives.

Can you beat stage 4 cervical cancer?

Stage 4 cervical cancer is not curable in many cases. However, nearly 17 in 100 women will beat stage 4 cervical cancer.

What was your first cervical cancer symptom?

The first identifiable symptoms of cervical cancer are likely to include: Abnormal vaginal bleeding, such as after intercourse, between menstrual periods, or after menopause; menstrual periods may be heavier and last longer than normal. Pain during intercourse. Vaginal discharge and odor.