What organs does a pituitary tumor affect?
Your pituitary gland affects vital areas of your body. If your pituitary gland doesn’t function properly, your skin, brain, reproductive organs, vision, mood, energy, growth and more could all be negatively affected. Your body depends on the hormones it produces and releases.
What happens if a pituitary tumor bursts?
Pituitary Apoplexy: Physiology
Pituitary apoplexy is rarely life threatening, if you receive prompt and accurate diagnosis and treatment. The compression may also lead to a loss of blood supply (pituitary infarct), which can cause tumor cell death, bleeding and sudden tumor swelling.
What happens if a pituitary tumor goes untreated?
Most pituitary tumors are curable, but if left untreated, they can lead to serious complications such as complete vision loss.
What does a pituitary tumor headache feel like?
Headache pain in these situations is typically characterized by steady, bifrontal or unilateral frontal aching (ipsilateral to tumor). In some instances, pain is localized in the midface (either because of involvement of the second division of the trigeminal or secondary to sinusitis).
Can you live a normal life with a pituitary tumor?
In general, when a pituitary tumor is not cured, people live out their lives but may have to deal with problems caused by the tumor or its treatment, such as vision problems or hormone levels that are too high or too low.
Can a pituitary tumor change your personality?
Personality changes are also common when a pituitary tumour causes the pituitary gland to over- or under-produce hormones. This can affect your emotions and cause changes in your sex drive. Larger tumours can have a greater effect on personality, as they generally affect a greater area of the brain.
How successful is pituitary surgery?
The success rate is about 60% with growth-hormone secreting macroadenomas . Some pituitary tumors remain surgically incurable due to invasion of the cavernous sinuses and other important structures. Radiosurgery can be used to treat unresectable tumor remnants with very good long-term control rates (Fig. 6).
Can a pituitary adenoma burst?
Pituitary adenoma combined with intracranial aneurysm is not rare. Some aneurysms are located inside pituitary adenomas, and most do not rupture. Pituitary apoplexy caused by aneurysm rupture is rare and is easily misdiagnosed as simple pituitary adenoma apoplexy.
When is a pituitary tumor an emergency?
Neuro-ophthalmological symptoms such as visual impairment, sudden onset of severe headache and alteration of the level of consciousness should prompt appropriate radiological investigations, since this may well call for emergency surgery.
How do I know if my pituitary gland is working properly?
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or high-resolution computerized tomography (CT) of your brain can detect a pituitary tumor or other pituitary gland problems. Vision tests. These tests can determine if growth of a pituitary tumor has impaired your sight or visual fields.